Process - Workflow (Process Management)

Card Puncher Data Processing


Workflow is a label for systems which enable:

See also Data Processing - (Pipeline | Compose | Chain)

General Purpose Workflow is Complicated.

The complexity with workflow is specifying

  • when user intervention is needed,
  • how to handle failures of an operation.


  • Actor - A person or program which performs some action.
  • Action - Something to be performed by an actor. Once an actor is notified that a given action is to be completed, they may perform it synchronously or asynchronously. It may take hours or days to complete the action.
  • Process Definition - A set of actions which need to be performed. The actions have a defined order in which they must be performed. Some actions may be performed concurrently with others.
  • Process - An instantiation of a process definition. Each process definition may have many processes running at once. A process definition can be compared to the on disk image of a program, where the process is comparable to an executing program (possibly with multiple threads of execution). Or from an OO perspective, a process definition is analogous to a class definition and a process is like an instantiated object of that class.
  • Workflow Engine - A program, library or API which can load process definitions and from them, generate and execute a processes.


They are generally implemented as a state machine.

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Card Puncher Data Processing
Process (Modeling)

A process may be: a natural process (ie organizational) performed by human: or a machine process: A process may be seen as a succession: of state: of event: Several processes...

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