(Tree|Nested Set|Hierarchy) Data Structure


A tree is a node that may have children. Tree's are inherently recursive by definition as each child of a node is a Tree itself, with or without children nodes.

A tree is a special case of a graph structure as this is the only graph that have a hierarchical relationship.

It's an rooted acyclic undirected graph. Undirected because the relation between a parent and its child is symmetric.

Relationship rules:

  • Each element (node) in a tree has exactly one parent, with the exception of the root node, which has none.
  • Each element (node) in a tree has one or more child, with the exception of the leaf node, which has none.
  • A tree is a hierarchy where node (items) are represented as being:
    • above, ancestor
    • below, descendant
    • or at the same level as one another. sibling

A tree is a data structures with no or slow random access. Tree structure scale well.

A set of tree is known as a forest.



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