An archive is a tree of file and directory that are grouped in one file.
An archive is use for:
- data compression and archiving. During the creation of the archive, a compression algorithm is applied to reduce the size of the data
- but also file distribution such as:
- or sending a whole directory and all its children
This is an encoding format.
Logically, you can see an archive as a local file system because you can:
any file and directory inside an archive.
The most well known archive format are: