Video / Motion / Animation / Film


A video is a just a sequence of image called frame shown at the frequency called frequence rate (per second)

Demo: Flipbook within a flipbook (Ref)

Movies at first were called moving pictures. A good example to see is the Garden Scene 1888 (The oldest fragment of film shot in Roundhay, Leeds, UK by Louis Le Prince.

In fact, motion is an illusion created by quickly changing static images at a consistent speed. In a movie/video context, this image are referred as frames.


Motion Graphic

Motion Graphics = (Vector) Graphic images in movement.

Motion Graphics use video or animation to create the illusion of motion (taken off with the development of programs like After Effects that make creating this style of animation fairly straightforward.)

Motion Graphic tuto in After Effect - Bouncing ball

Created with a sequence of keyframe.

any motion graphics program will be able to combine video, text, speech, data visualization, special effects and even 3D to create animations




MP4 is a standard developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG);

The MPEG-4 format compress

  • video with the MPEG-4 video encoding.
  • Audio with AAC compression.

Can store data along the video such as:

  • subtitles,
  • still images


MPEG Video format is standard developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) compressed using:

  • MPEG-1 used with video compact discs (VCDs)
  • MPEG-2 compression (higher-quality used for DVDs)

If you'd like to back up videos in CD/DVD, you probably need MPEG format.


The M3U file is a playlist file format used often to point to a stream on the Internet (ie a file splitted into multiple files)

Video - How to download and convert a video on twitter in the m3u (m3u8) format



Name Price System
Lightworks 300 Euro Win / Linux
davinci resolve Paid/Free Win/Linux ?
AVID media composer Paid/Free Win/Linux ?
openshot Free Win / Linux
Filmora 9 60$ Win / Linux
Corel Pinnacle Studio 60$ ?
Corel Video Studio Pro 60$ Windows
Movie Maker Replaced by Photos Until windows 7
Photos Free Windows 10
Fincal Cut Pro (apple) 300 Apple
kdenlive Free Linux
avidemux Free Linux / Windows
blender Video Sequence Editor (VSE) Free Linux / Windows

Others: (Inria) - Compositing is the combining of visual elements from separate sources into single images, often to create the illusion that all those elements are parts of the same scene




Format converter

Handbrake is an open-source video transcoder available for Linux, Mac, and Windows


  • mov to mp4
ffmpeg -i {in-video}.mov -vcodec h264 -acodec aac {out-video}.mp4

Compression / Resize



Explainer videos (doodle / cartoon / whiteboard)

Explainer videos:

  • doodle / cartoondoodle style video
  • whiteboard animation (the author draws an illustrated story on a whiteboard)



Green screen video

Tracking motion



conda install ffmpeg -c conda-forge
# or
imageio_download_bin ffmpeg

Documentation / Reference

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