How to check a port? locally and remotely on Linux

Bash Liste Des Attaques Ovh


This page is about Port management on Linux.

When you install a software (process), you need often to verify the available port in order to configure the component installation.

How to find which process uses a port?

with netstat, you can check port.

For example, below, you can see that the port 1521 is used to the program tnslsnr (The -p parameters means program and is mandatory)

netstat -tulpn | grep 1521
(Not all processes could be identified, non-owned process info
 will not be shown, you would have to be root to see it all.)

Protocol   Recv-Q Send-Q  Local Address     Foreign Address     State
tcp        0      0       :::1521           :::*                LISTEN      4264/tnslsnr


  • The protocol (tcp, udp, raw) used by the socket.
  • Recv-Q: The count of bytes not copied by the user program connected to this socket.
  • Send-Q The count of bytes not acknowledged by the remote host.
  • Local Address: Address and port number of the local end of the socket. Unless the –numeric (-n) option is specified, the socket address is resolved to its canonical host name (FQDN), and the port number is translated into the corresponding service name.
  • Foreign Address: Address and port number of the remote end of the socket. Analogous to “Local Address.”
  • State: The state of the socket (ESTABLISHED, LISTEN, …)
  • PID/Program name: Slash-separated pair of the process id (PID) and process name of the process that owns the socket.

How to check a port remotely?

with Network - netcat (nc, ncat)

  • Check one port
nc -zv hostname port
DNS fwd/rev mismatch: hostname  != hostname.lan
hostname  [] 9000 (?) open

How to see the ports used by well-known services?

To see the port used by services, you can inspect the services file (The services translation file), located at:


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