Python

About

Python is a high level language based on C.

Python is:

  • named after Monty Python's Flying Circus.
  • case-sensitive.

Python evaluates (finds the value of) the expression it is given and prints the value which is handy for interactive programming.

Python is an object-oriented programming language. In Python everything is an object.

Why learning Python ?

Python is used:

  • a lot of data mining and machine learning library
  • Data Science (Lexical Analysis, Nltk, …)
  • VM Virtual Box Api

The Zen of Python

Part of Python's documentation are the PEPs, or “Python Enhancement Proposals.” PEP 20, “The Zen of Python,”

import this

The Zen of Python, by Tim Peters

  • Beautiful is better than ugly.
  • Explicit is better than implicit.
  • Simple is better than complex.
  • Complex is better than complicated.
  • Flat is better than nested.
  • Sparse is better than dense.
  • Readability counts.
  • Special cases aren't special enough to break the rules.
  • Although practicality beats purity.
  • Errors should never pass silently.
  • Unless explicitly silenced.
  • In the face of ambiguity, refuse the temptation to guess.
  • There should be one– and preferably only one –obvious way to do it.
  • Although that way may not be obvious at first unless you're Dutch.
  • Now is better than never.
  • Although never is often better than *right* now.
  • If the implementation is hard to explain, it's a bad idea.
  • If the implementation is easy to explain, it may be a good idea.
  • Namespaces are one honking great idea – let's do more of those!

IDE

Python, (Jython can be developed thanks to:

Prompt

The >>> means you are in Python

Documentation / Reference


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