Nouns are a component of the parts of the speech.
Nouns can be grouped into five categories:
- (1) persons,
Persons includes a sister, a grandmother, John, the teacher, fire fighter, Aunt May, a neighbor, the friend, Hoon, a boss, the colleague, a peer, the individual, and Nelson Mandela.
- (2) places,
Places can be a school, Texas, a home, a store, Japan, a room, a stadium, the desert, a cave, Australia, a state, Veracruz, and a drawer.
- (3) things,
Things can comprise the Statue of Liberty, a car, a computer, a cup, the Great Sphinx, a stapler, a pen or pencil, a fence, a cell phone, and the Oxford English Dictionary.
- (4) living creatures,
Living creatures are a lion, a Bengal tiger, a dog, a pig, a Siamese cat, a horse, a dolphin, a caterpillar, a Monarch butterfly, a vole, an American Robin, and a yak.
- and (5) ideas/concepts.
Ideas and concepts include Buddhism, love, freedom, money, time, the Declaration of Independence, marriage, religion, and Hinduism.
Common / Proper
Some of the nouns are capitalized and others are not.
In addition of being a person, place, thing, living creature, or concept, nouns can be common and proper.
Common nouns are not capitalized.
Example: the nouns adult, country, pastry, dog, and disease are common nouns
Proper nouns are capitalized.
The nouns Mother Teresa, Latvia, Buche de Noel, Basenji, and Ebola are all proper nouns.