SQL - Joins (Home)


Relational Operator - Join in SQL.

A join is a SQL clause statement which define the set operation such as:

that the database must perform between two or more relation (table, view, query, …).

The result set is beautifully illustrated with a Venn_diagram.

The tables usually have a parent-child relationship.

If a query does not contain a join, the database returns a result set that contains all possible combinations of the rows in the query tables. Such a result set is known as a Cartesian product.

You use joins to ensure that queries returning data from multiple tables do not return incorrect results. A join between two tables defines how data is returned.

A join is characterized by multiple tables in the FROM clause, and the relationship between the tables is defined through the existence of a join condition in the WHERE clause.

Cardinalities further describe a join between 2 tables by stating how many rows in one table will match rows in another.

In a join :

  • one row set is called inner
  • and the other is called outer.

Disambiguation: The term join can be use to define:


Type of Joins

SQL Join Problems

In the design of a semantic layer (such as a universes for BOBJ or the repository for OBIEE), you may need to resolve join problems such as :

which may occur in the structure by using aliases and/or contexts.

Documentation / Reference

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