CSS - Property

Definition

CSS defines a finite set of parameters, called properties, that defines the rendering of a document.

Properties are written in a css rule after the element selection definition.

Properties are attached to various parts of the document and to the page on which the document is to be displayed by the mechanisms of:

CSS 2.1 has more than 90 properties 1)

Example

p { 
   color : blue ; /* first property */
   font-weight : bold  /* second property */
} 
<p>A bold blue paragraph</p>
  • Output:

Syntax

Each property has:

  • a name (e.g., 'color', 'font', or border')
  • any white space
  • followed by a :
  • any white space
  • a value (e.g., 'red', '12pt Times', or 'dotted')
  • any white space
  • a optional comma separator ; (if followed by another property or comment
property-name: value

Each CSS property definition begins with a summary of key information that resembles the following:

  • property-name
  • Value: legal values & syntax
  • Css - (Property) Value: Initial value
  • Applies to: elements this property applies to
  • Inherited: whether the property is inherited from an ancestor element.
  • Percentages: how percentage values are interpreted. If “N/A” appears here, it means that the property does not accept percentages in its values.
  • Media: which media groups the property applies to
  • Computed value: how to compute the Computed value

Shorthand

Some properties are shorthand properties, meaning that they allow authors to specify the values of several properties with a single property. When values are omitted from a shorthand form, each “missing” property is assigned its initial value.

Example

For instance, the 'font' property is a shorthand property for setting:

  • 'font-style',
  • 'font-variant',
  • 'font-weight',
  • 'font-size',
  • 'line-height',
  • and 'font-family' all at once.

The multiple style rules of this example:

h1 { 
  font-weight: bold; 
  font-size: 12pt;
  line-height: 14pt; 
  font-family: Helvetica; 
  font-variant: normal;
  font-style: normal;
}

may be rewritten with a single shorthand property:

h1 { font: bold 12pt/14pt Helvetica }

In this example, 'font-variant', and 'font-style' take their initial values.

Management

Suppress

To suppress a property, you have to set its value to initial or unset.

Get Computed / Calculated

If you want to get via Javascript the computed value, see this article: How to get the CSS computed style values of an HTML element

<h1>Article Title</h1>
let title = document.querySelector('h1');
let display = window.getComputedStyle(title).getPropertyValue('display');
console.log('The display of the heading h1 is :'+display);

Set

Via javascript

In Javascript, the property style of an element are available via the style property. The name of the property is camelCased.

Example: select the first paragraph and make it steelblue

var element = document.querySelector('p');
element.style.color = "steelblue";
<p>A steelblue paragraph</p>
  • Output:

Documentation / Reference


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