Chip - Integrated circuit (IC) - microchip

1 - About

A chip is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (the ''chip“) of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

A chip is also known as:

  • Integrated circuit
  • microchip
  • monolithic integrated circuit

Each chip is responsible for a function, e.g.:

  • memory controller
  • graphic controllers,
  • network controller,
  • power controller,
  • etc.

3 - Example

The 74HC00 is a chip device composed:

  • internally of four 2-input NAND gates
  • and externally of 14 pins:
    • 8 input pins (red)
    • 4 output pins (green)
    • 1 pin for connecting to a voltage source (Vcc brown)
    • 1 pin for connecting to the ground. (GND brown)

The chip comes with 4 gates that can be combined to create other logic gates (ie logic function)

4 - Documentation / Reference

Data Science
Data Analysis
Data Science
Linear Algebra Mathematics

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