Chip - Integrated circuit (IC) - microchip

Card Puncher Data Processing


A chip is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (the ''chip“) of semiconductor material, normally silicon.

A chip is also known as:

  • Integrated circuit
  • microchip
  • monolithic integrated circuit

Each chip is responsible for a function, e.g.:


The 74HC00 is a chip device composed:

  • internally of four 2-input NAND gates
  • and externally of 14 pins:
    • 8 input pins (red)
    • 4 output pins (green)
    • 1 pin for connecting to a voltage source (Vcc brown)
    • 1 pin for connecting to the ground. (GND brown)

The chip comes with 4 gates that can be combined to create other logic gates (ie logic function)

74hc00 Circuit 74hc00 Photo

Documentation / Reference

Discover More
Card Puncher Data Processing
Basic Input/Output System (BIOS)

The is a non-volatile firmware used: to perform hardware initialization during the booting process (power-on startup), and to provide runtime services for operating systems and programs. The BIOS...
Cpu Moore Law Transistor
Computer - Central processing unit (CPU)

A CPU is just a device name that indicate a device that controls a computer system. A CPU is also known as: a or The fundamental operation of most CPUs, regardless of the physical form they take,...
Card Puncher Data Processing
Computer - Chipset

A chipset is a chip with multiple functions. Chipsets are usually designed to work with a specific family of microprocessors. Historically, a chipset is actually a set of individual chips but as hardware...
74hc00 Circuit
Computer - Device

A device is any machine or component that can perform an operation. It is built upon logic gates and therefore only (accept|understand) a series of 0 and 1. The first device was a transistor. ...
74hc00 Circuit
Device - Pin

The pins are the external physique interface of a device. The 74HC00 is a chip device composed externally of 14 pins: 8 input pins (red) 4 output pins (green) 1 pin for connecting to a voltage...
Card Puncher Data Processing
Micro processor

A microprocessor is a processor contained on a single chip. Microprocessors Central_processing_unit
Motherboard Diagram
Motherboard - Northbridge chip

On a motherboard, the Northbridge chip is responsible for the high-performance communication between: CPU, main memory and the graphic card.
Motherboard Diagram
Motherboard - Southbridge chip

On the motherboard, the Southbridge chip is a main bus responsible for the communication with: I/O devices and other devices that are not performance sensitive. Desc Rate Year DMI 1.0;...

Share this page:
Follow us:
Task Runner