SAP BOBJ - Objects and class

1 - About

Each SAP BOBJ - Universe is composed of object contained in a class and you create them using the Universe pane

1.1 - Object

Web Intelligence users drag objects from the Universe pane across into the Query pane to run queries and create reports with the returned data.

Each object maps to a column or function in a target database, and when used in the Query pane, infers a Select statement. When multiple objects are combined, a Select statement is run on the database including the SQL inferred by each object and applying a default Where clause.

The name of an object should be drawn from the business vocabulary of the targeted user group.

For example, objects used in a universe used by :

  • a product manager could be :
    • Product,
    • Life Cycle,
    • or Release Date.
  • a financial analyst could contain objects such as :
    • Profit Margin
    • or Return on Investment.

You use Universe Designer to create the objects that Web Intelligence users include in the Query pane to run their queries.

1.2 - Classes

Each object is contained in an class

A class is a logical grouping of objects within a universe.

It represents a category of objectsof is the equivalent of a folder in the Windows environment.

The name of a class should indicate the category of the objects that it contains. A class can be divided hierarchically into subclasses.

3 - Object Properties

4 - Business Objects data qualification

Business Objects qualifies data (objects) used in BusinessObjects in three ways :

  • dimension,
  • detail,
  • or measure.

This qualification shows how data can be used in reports.

4.1 - Dimension

Dimension objects provide the basis for analysis in a report. Dimension objects typically retrieve character-type data (customer names, city names, etc.), or dates (years, quarters, invoice dates, etc.)

4.2 - Detail

A detail object is always associated to one dimension object, on which it provides additional information. For example, Address is a detail object associated to Store.

4.3 - Measure

Measure objects retrieve numeric data that is the result of calculations on data on the database. Measure objects are semantically dynamic: the values they return depend on the objects they are used with. For example, if you include City and Sales Revenue in a table, revenue per city is calculated. If you include Year and Sales Revenue, revenue per year is calculated.

5 - Creation Class and Object

5.1 - Class

  • Insert > Class
  • Automatically by dragging a table from the table schema into the Universe pane.

5.2 - Object

  • Right click a class in the Universe pane and select Insert Object from the contextual menu.
  • Click a table column in the Structure pane. Drag the column across to the Universe pane and drop it at the

desired position in the class hierarchy

6 - Associated Table

You can view the table in the Structure pane that is used in an object definition from the Universe pane. This can be useful to quickly identify a table used by an object when object names do not easily indicate a specific table.


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