Gnuplot

1 - About

gnuplot is a command-line driven interactive function plotting utility.

3 - Characteristic

  • 2D and 3D
  • case sensitive
  • plugin
  • output:
    • interactive screen terminals (with mouse and hotkey input),
    • direct output to pen plotters or modern printers,
    • and output to many le formats (eps, emf, g, jpeg, LaTeX, pdf, png, postscript, …)

4 - Grammar

  • end of command ; or eol
  • command may spawn several line when the last character of a line is a backslash (\).
  • ! start an OS command

5 - Installation

  • Go ahead to the repo
  • and download the windows installer file (example: gp526-win64-mingw_2.exe)

6 - Getting started

6.1 - Start gnuplot


gnuplot

6.2 - First plot


set title "My Plot Title"; 
set xrange[-4:4] # Controls the range of values on the x axis
# unset xrange to disable it
# reset to remove all settings
set yrange[-1.5:1.5] # Controls the range of values on the y axis
set key # Add a legend - set nokey to remove
plot sin(x);  # plot is the primary command for drawing plots 
# You may give several function
# plot (x/4)**2, sin(x), 1/x
print "all done!"

6.3 - Adjust and redraw

  • Replot

set title "My Sin Plot"; 
replot

6.4 - Get help


help 
help plot # help on one command

6.5 - Change the output format

  • Svg

set term svg
set output 'sin.svg'
replot


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="windows-1252"  standalone="no"?>
<svg 
 width="600" height="480"
 viewBox="0 0 600 480"
 xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"
 xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink"
>

<title>Gnuplot</title>
<desc>Produced by GNUPLOT 5.2 patchlevel 6 </desc>

<g id="gnuplot_canvas">

<rect x="0" y="0" width="600" height="480" fill="none"/>
<defs>

	<circle id='gpDot' r='0.5' stroke-width='0.5' stroke='currentColor'/>
	<path id='gpPt0' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' d='M-1,0 h2 M0,-1 v2'/>
	<path id='gpPt1' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' d='M-1,-1 L1,1 M1,-1 L-1,1'/>
	<path id='gpPt2' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' d='M-1,0 L1,0 M0,-1 L0,1 M-1,-1 L1,1 M-1,1 L1,-1'/>
	<rect id='gpPt3' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' x='-1' y='-1' width='2' height='2'/>
	<rect id='gpPt4' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' fill='currentColor' x='-1' y='-1' width='2' height='2'/>
	<circle id='gpPt5' stroke-width='0.222' stroke='currentColor' cx='0' cy='0' r='1'/>
.........

  • Go back to a terminal output

set term wxt

6.6 - Create a function


foo(x)=sin(x)+1 # a vertical translation
plot foo(x)

6.7 - Start a OS command

  • where are we

!pwd # linux
!cd #windows


C:\gnuplot\bin

6.8 - Use a data file to create a bar chart

  • Data

1965   103
1970   55
1975   34
1980   24
1985   10

  • Command

reset # to unset all env variable
set yrange [ 0 :] # To see the xaxis a y=0
plot 'population.dat' with boxes
# box style
set boxwidth 0.9 relative
set style fill solid 1.0
replot

7 - Documentation / Reference


Data Science
Data Analysis
Statistics
Data Science
Linear Algebra Mathematics
Trigonometry

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